This exhibition is organized and curated by Michael Thornton-Smith.

All works in the exhibition are selected from a private collection.


British Landscape Printmaking 1750-1880 is the story of the development and flowering of the Romantic movement and its engagement with the landscape. Printmaking became a vehicle for many artists who were constantly searching for new methods of personal expression in graphic media. This exhibition will show a progression from a formalized, arcadian view of the landscape to a more passionate involvement, with the rise of the Romantic Era and the depiction of the landscape of Great Britain and Western Europe. It is also within this time period we see the advent of the Industrial Revolution which was to produce one of the most fundamental changes in society; both urban and rural. To many it was seen as the beginnings of a commodification of the environment and the response by some of these artists was to disseminate an appreciation of nature and spirit of place. There will also be an attempt to bring into focus similarities with the dramatic changes and challenges that face us today. The story of British topographical printmaking in both the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries is a story of transition in both techniques of the medium, engagement with the landscape and responses to dramatic changes in the environment.

The painters of this era turned to graphic media, either working independently or collaborating closely with professional engravers to create some of the most compelling and immediate artistic statements of the period. This exhibition will include engraving, etching, soft-ground etching, aquatint, lithography and mezzotint, there will be a section that describes the techniques of each process.

British Landscape Printmaking features the work of artists - J.M.W.Turner, John Constable, Thomas Girtin, Samuel Palmer, and "Norwich School" members John Sell Cotman and John Crome


List of Artists


Richard Parkes Bonington

Thomas Shotter Boys

Nathaniel and Samuel Buck

John Constable *

John Sell Cotman

John Robert Cozens

John Crome

George Cuitt

Thomas Daniell

William Daniell

Henry Davy

Joseph Farington *

Thomas Gainsborough

The Reverend William Gilpin *

Thomas Girtin

Francis Seymour Haden

James Duffield Harding

Thomas Hearne *

Thomas Christopher Hofland *

Edward Lear

John Martin

Francis Nicholson

Samuel Palmer

Samuel Prout

William Pyne

Richard Redgrave

George Fennel Robson *

Thomas Rowlandson

Paul Sandby

William Bell Scott

George and John Smith

Joseph Stannard

J M W Turner

John Varley *

Richard Wilson *


* Denotes after


Wednesday, May 18, 2011

WORKS IN THE EXHIBITION

Nathaniel and Samuel Buck


Nathaniel and Samuel Buck  Dinas Bran Castle, Wales,  1750, Engraving.


Richard Earlom 


Richard Earlom  1742 - 1822, after Claude Lorrain, from the Liber Veritatis, 1777, Mezzotint


George and John Smith

George and John Smith  1713 - 1776 / 1717 - 1764, Untitled, 1760, Engraving.


Richard Wilson

William Bryne 1743 - 1805, after Richard Wilson,  Carnarvon Castle, 1776, Engraving.


 William Woollett  1735 - 1785, after Richard Wilson, Snowden Hill, and the adjacent Country in North Wales, 1775, Engraving.


Paul Sandby

Paul Sandby  1731 - 1809,  View of the River Dee, 1776, Aquatint.

Tuesday, May 17, 2011

John Robert Cozens


John Robert Cozens  1752 - 1799  Fir 1789, from Delineations of the General Character Ramifications and Foliage of Forest Trees, Soft-ground etching and aquatint.


Thomas Gainsborough 1727 - 1788 and John Wood 1720 - 1780  The Gipsies, 1754, Etching and   Engraving.


Thomas Gainsborough


Thomas Gainsborough 1727 - 1788  Wooded Landscape with Herdsman and Cows, 1785, Aquatint.


Joseph Farington

Joseph Constantine Stadler  1780 - 1822 after Joseph Farington,  View of Reading from Caversham, 1793, from Boydell's History of the Thames, Aquatint.


Samuel Prout


Samuel Prout  1783 - 1852  Totnes, Picturesque Delineations in the Counties of Devon and Cornwall, 1812, Soft-ground etching.


John Varley


Frederick Christian Lewis  1779 - 1802 after John Varley,  Dolgelly, 1798, Aquatint.


The Reverend William Gilpin


William Sawrey Gilpin  1762 - 1843 after William Gilpin, Keswick Lake, Observations on the Mountains and Lakes of Cumberland and Westmorland, 1772, Aquatint.


Francis Nicholson

Francis Nicholson  1753 - 1844, Torrent on Ben Vorlich 1806, Lithograph.


Thomas Girtin

Thomas Girtin  1755 - 1802, FC Lewis aquatint, View of Pont Neuf, A Selection of Twenty of the most Picturesque Views in Paris, 1802, Etching and Aquatint.


Thomas Rowlandson


Thomas Rowlandson  1756 - 1827,  Sketching the Lake, The Tours of Dr Syntax, 1820, Aquatint.


Thomas and William Daniell


Thomas and William Daniell, Near Gangwaugh Colly, on the River Hoogly, A Voyage to India by the way of China, 1810, Aquatint.


William Daniell


William Daniell  1769 - 1837,  Lynmouth, on the Coast of North Devon, from Voyage round Great Britain, 1814, Aquatint.


William Daniell  1769 - 1837, Loch Duich, Rosshire, from Voyage round Great Britain, 1818, Aquatint.



James Baker Pyne


Louis Haghe  1806 - 1895 after James Baker Pyne, Windermere from Orrest Head, from Scenery of Great Britain and Ireland, 1859. Lithograph.


 

Monday, May 16, 2011

George Cuitt


George Cuitt 1743 - 1818


Thomas Christopher Hofland


Robert and Daniel Havell - after Thomas Christopher Hofland, Bolton Priory, Twilight No 2, 1811, Aquatint.

John Constable




 
David Lucas  1802 - 1881 after John Constable, The Rainbow, Salisbury Catherdral, 1855, Mezzotint.


David Lucas 1802 - 1881 after John Constable, Summerland, 1855, Mezzotint.


David Lucas 1802 - 1881 after John Constable, Stoke by Nayland, 1855, Mezzotint.


 David Lucas 1802 - 1881 after John Constable, Hampstead Heath, 1855, Mezzotint.


David Lucas 1802 - 1881 after John Constable, Old Sarum, 1855, Mezzotint.

Saturday, May 14, 2011

J M W  Turner

The Industrial Sublime

Robert Wallis  1794 - 1878  after JMW Turner,  Dudley, Worcestershire, 1835  from Picturesque Views in England and Wales, Line-engraving.

Charles Turner  1774 - 1857 after JMW Turner,  Shields on the Tyne, 1828 from Picturesque Views in England and Wales, Mezzotint.

Frederick Christian Lewis  1779 - 1856 after JMW Turner,  Colebrook Dale, 1825, Mezzotint.


Robert Brandard - 1805 - 1862 after JMW Turner,  Between Quilleboeuf and Villequier 1834, from The Rivers of France: Turner's Annual Tour. Line-engraving.




Excursions at Home and Abroad - The Romantic Impulse

W.B Cooke 1778 - 1855 after JMW Turner,  Pevensey Bay, from Crowhurst Park 1816, from Views in Sussex. Line-engraving

Robert Wallis  1794 - 1878 after JMW Turner,  Bolton Abbey, Yorkshire  1827, from Picturesque Views in England and Wales. Line-engraving.

Robert Wallis  1794 - 1878 after JMW Turner,  Stonehenge, Wiltshire, 1829, from Picturesque Views in England and Wales. Line-engraving.
Charles Turner  1774 - 1857 after JMW Turner,  Norham Castle on the River Tweed, 1824, from The Rivers of England, Mezzotint.

JMW Turner and Henry Dawe, The Stork and the Aqueduct, 1816-18, from the Liber Studiorum, Mezzotint.

JMW Turner and George Clint, Peat Bog, Scotland, 1812, from the Liber Studiorum, Mezzotint.


James Tibbets Willmore 1800 -1863 after JMW Turner, Ullswater,  Cumberland,1835,  from Picturesque Views in England and Wales, Line-engraving.

George Cook  1781 - 1834 after JMW Turner, Teighmouth, 1815, from Picturesque Views of the Southern Coast of England, Line-engraving.

William Miller  1796 - 1882 after JMW Turner, Kilchurn Castle, Loch Awe, 1847, Line-engraving


Saturday, May 7, 2011

THE NORWICH SCHOOL


The Norwich School of the early nineteen hundreds is a rare instance of a group of provincial painters forming a school. Norwich had a thriving industrial base so therefore had a benefactor contingent to support these artists. Known originally as the Norwich Society of Artists its two main figures were John Crome and John Sell Cotman. They also had a number of  friends colleagues and followers who found inspiration in the beautiful Norfolk countryside. This society also included Joseph Stannard, John Thirtle, James Stark and Robert Dixon.  The character of this gathering of artists and amateurs happened in 1803 through evening meetings, exhibitions and sketching parties. They soon achieved a collective identity which made it possible to regard them as a school. Although they developed no common style they did influence each other and in this respect created a stronger cohesiveness as a group. The founder and leader and father figure in the early days was John Crome.
  When John Crome died in 1821, John Sell Cotman became its leading exponent with his very recognizable and idiosyncratic style especially in his masterful watercolors. Between the years 1810 and 1824 Cotman produced some of the finest work to come from any member of the Norwich School. He was the only figure of the school to travel extensively, initially on tours with Thomas Girtin to North Wales and then Yorkshire but later to Normandy where he produced two sets of etchings; two of which are represented here, ‘ Castle Falaise’ and ‘Chateau Gaillard’ are amongst the finest. From the Welsh visit he produced the soft-ground etchings ‘ Cader Idris’ and ‘Tan-y-Blwch’ ; these two examples have a plein-air feel to them. Indeed it is in these etchings that he captures the qualities of his most vivacious pencil drawings. Robert Dixon and Joseph Stannard both portrayed local Norfolk scenes, rural cottage life from the former and coastal life from the latter.



John Crome  


John Crome 1768 - 1821, Composition, Sandy Road through Woodland, 1816  Etching.


John Crome 1768 - 1821,  At Bawburgh 1813  Etching.



John Sell Cotman  


John Sell Cotman 1782 - 1842,  Cader Idris 1808,  Soft-ground etching.


John Sell Cotman  1782 - 1842, Tan-Y-Bwlch, North Wales ,1808  Soft-ground etching.


John Sell Cotman  1782 - 1842,  On the Yare, Norfolk, 1820  Soft-ground etching.


John Sell Cotman  1782 - 1842,  Chateau Gaillard, Normandy, 1822  Etching.


 John Sell Cotman 1782 - 1842, Castle Falaise, Normandy,1822 Etching.


Joseph Stannard

Joseph Stannard  1797 - 1830, On the Beach at Mundesley, 1827, Etching.


Robert Dixon


Robert Dixon 1780 - 1815,  Cottages at Wymondham, 1810, Soft-ground etching.


Henry Davy


Henry Davy 1793 - 1865,  North Gateway, Mettingham Castle, Suffolk, 1810, Etching